About the town
About the town
Klin is a typical old Russian town. It has kept the features of a small provincial town and is steeped in Russian history. Although badly battered by the Nazis in WWII some prewar features still remain including the estate of Tchaikovsky which now functions as a museum. One 16th century church is still remaining and functioning today. Klin is approximately 85km (53 miles) to the north-west of Moscow.
The settlement of Klin dates back to 1234, when it was founded on the banks of the river Sister, a tributary of the Volga. Featuring a Kremlin at its centre, it became one of the forts separating the principalities of Moscow and Tver and eventually became a major stopover on the overland route to the ancient city of Novgorod, and later to St. Petersburg.
From 1885 onwards Tchaikovsky chose to spend his summers there and wrote about it in his diary “I can’t imagine myself living anywhere else”. Tchaikovsky wrote his Pathétique Symphony, The Nutcracker and Sleeping Beauty ballets here. His last residence, at ulitsa (street) Chaikovskogo 48, is a museum. It’s still as much as it was when Tchaikovsky lived there, full of personal items including his Becker Grand piano, now played only by top pianists on special occasions.
Every spring there’s a concert dedicated to the great composer where you can listen to the charming sound of the piano. There’s a small concert hall in the museum where you can enjoy listening to his great music. You can also walk around the garden full of flowers and trees and have a rest on old benches thinking about the beauty of his music.
Centuries of history of Klin have absorbed lots of important events of the Russian State. The town remembers how Russian people fought against Tatars, and internecine wars in medieval Russia, and struggling against Polish invaders. At the very beginning of the 18th century Klin was situated on the main road leading from Moscow to St. Petersburg. During Catherine the Great’s reign Klin became a chief town in the Moscow Region.
There are lots of real historic-cultural gems in Klin, such as the unique Church of Assumption of the Virgin the landmark of the 16th century, the Church of Prelate Tikhon (1907) and the Church of Resurrection (1712)
There are some ancient buildings in the centre of the town, such as Trade Lines, the house of the Governor of the town, the Post Yard, etc.